About the Questions
The examiner will ask you ‘show me’ questions, where you’ll have to show them how you’d carry out a vehicle safety check.
You’ll also be asked ‘tell me’ questions, where you’ll have to explain to the examiner how you’d carry out the check.
Show me Questions
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you wash and clean the rear windscreen?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you wash and clean the front windscreen?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d switch on your dipped headlights?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d set the rear demister?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d operate the horn?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d demist the front windscreen?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d open and close the side window?
You’ll be asked 2 vehicle safety questions. These are also known as the ‘show me, tell me’ questions.
Just as you move off, operate the brakes. They should not feel spongy and the car should not pull to one side.
Information will be found using the car manufacturer’s guide/manual. Check the tyre pressures by using a reliable pressure gauge when the tyres are cold. Don’t forget the spare tyre and remember to refit the valve caps.
The head restraint should be adjusted so the centre part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable.
A safe tyre will have no cuts or bulges on the sides. Legally, the tread depth must be at least 1.6mm across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference and can be measured using a tread depth gauge.
Explain to the examiner that you would turn on the lights switch, turn on the car ignition if necessary, then walk around the vehicle to check lights.
Warning light should illuminate on the dashboard if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.
Explain to the examiner that you would activate the hazard warning lights and walk around the car to see if all the indicators are working correctly. (Note: Operating the hazard warning lights is the preferred method as the ignition will not need to be switched on).
Explain to the examiner that you’d operate the brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows or doors, or ask someone to help.
If the steering becomes heavy, the power assisted steering may be faulty. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made:
1. Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained whilst the engine is started, should result in slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate.
2. Turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assisted steering is functioning correctly. Steering should be very easy as the car begins to move off if all is working as it should.
Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain that fog lights must only be used in foggy, low visibility below 100m conditions and must be turned off when fog disperses.
Operate light switch (ignition may need to be switched on or engine started if necessary), activate main beam lights and check the blue main beam warning light is on.
Identify the dipstick, explain that you would remove the dipstick and wipe clean the end where the minimum and maximum level indicator is and fully reinsert. Remove once again and check the oil level against the minimum and maximum markings. If oil levels are low, top up with oil but be sure not to over-fill.
Identify the engine coolant tank and check the minimum and maximum level indicator displayed on the side of the tank. Explain that if the coolant is below the minimum mark, more coolant (water) will need to be added. To do this, explain that you would unscrew the tank cap when the engine is cold and pour in coolant until the maximum mark is reached.
Identify brake fluid reservoir, check level against high and low markings.
You’ll be asked 5 vehicle safety questions. These are also known as the ‘show me, tell me’ questions.
Identify reservoir, check level against high/low markings.
Applying the indicators or hazard warning switch and checking functioning of all indicators.
The load should be distributed evenly throughout the trailer. Heavy items should be loaded as low as possible so that they are mainly over the axle(s). Bulkier, lighter items should be distributed to give a suitable ‘nose weight’ at the towing coupling. The nose weight should never exceed the vehicle manufacturer’s specifications.
Any load must be carried so that it does not endanger other road users. It must be securely stowed within the size and weight limits for the vehicle. The load needs to be secure so that it cannot move or fall from the vehicle when cornering or braking.
Physical checks should be made to ensure that windows, roof light and all doors, including cargo doors, are properly closed.
No cuts and bulges, 1mm of tread depth across the central Â¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.
Check is carried out by using control (turn on ignition if necessary).
Identify high/low level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.
Demonstrate by applying parking brake that when it is fully applied it secures itself, and is not at the end of the working travel.
Operate control to wash and wipe windscreen (turn ignition on if necessary).
Set all relevant controls including; fan, temperature, air direction / source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain use.
Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main beam warning light.
Operate brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask someone to help.
The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. Some restraints might not be adjustable.